What Causes Barretts Esophagus?
If GERD is not controlled by lifestyle changes and diet modifications, acid reflux disease could lead to serious problems for the sufferer.
Constant burning and erosion of the walls of the esophagus is a chronic disease which might create a domino effect leading to a number of painful malady's.
Complications leading to Barrett's Esophagus
The first sign of this life-threatening cycle is a condition known as esophagitis.
If this condition is not accurately diagnosed and treated, multiple problems could develop, including barretts esophagus.
Here's a list of possible complications:
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Dysplasia - The Seeds of Cancer
To withstand the onslaught of acid, the walls of the esophagus undergo a cellular change know as Dysplasia, (sometimes referred to as Metaplasia).
This is where the body replaces normal cells with precancerous abnormal cells resembling those of the stomach and intestinal lining.
This stage is known as "low grade dysplasia" related to Barretts esophagus.
Although these rogue cells are more resistant to acid attack, in five to ten percent of patients, they eventually lose their tissue identity and revert back to a primitive form that grows rapidly without regulation.
The final stage is is 'high grade dysplasia', a condition known as ‘carcinoma in situe’.
This particular form of cancer remains localized and does not invade past the basement membrane into tissue below the surface.
As a result, it can still be treated surgically, with few risks of it spreading to other parts of the body via a process known as "metastasis".
However, if left untreated, it eventually develops into a deadly form of invasive esophageal cancer that is almost always fatal..
We cannot overstress the following: Every one of these complications can easily be avoided by sensible and timely changes to your diet and lifestyle.
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